Triaden siehe: Murray, The Origins of the Tiandihui: The Chinese Triads in Legend ) zwischen Großbritannien und dem Kaiserreich China der Qing-. From running guns to white-collar crimes in cyberspace and illegal seafood, the Triads, the mafia of China, are potent figures in the world of organized crime. Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben.
Übersetzung für "Chinese Triad" im DeutschMany translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. This study presents an investigation into the phenomenon of the Chinese Triad, its rituals and mythological lore and its meanings and functions. Using a variety.
Chinese Triads What is their history in Hong Kong? VideoAncient Origins of the Chinese Triads
British authorities finally began to crack down on Triad activity during the early s and, although law enforcement had been battling the Triads for some time, their first insight on the Triad structure and influence in British society came during the trial of George Cheung Wai-hen , an assassin for the Wo On Lok turned government informant, who testified at the Old Bailey against six Chinese immigrants who were charged with possession of a firearm with intent to cause grievous bodily harm to rival Triad member Lam Ying-kit after a failed attempt on his life on September 7, According to testimony by Cheung, he also described his induction ceremony into the Wo On Lok which followed traditional Triad initiation taking place at around 2 am in the basement of the Princess Garden Chinese Restaurant in Greyhound Road, Fulham.
As a result of his testimony, Cheung was given a reduced sentence of five years imprisonment. Although members are recruited in the traditional manner, they also include prominent businessmen who either ally with the organization for their own protection or as full associate participants in their criminal activities.
Although they abide by the territorial urban districts of other Triad organizations, often centred around a Chinese cultural club or martial arts associations, they have been involved in extortion activities over areas as far afield as Truro and Great Yarmouth.
Based primarily in London and Liverpool , the 14k continues its traditional activities of loan sharking and extortion of Chinese businesses although they have also had a history of targeting other immigrant groups such as Indian and Pakistani running corner shops and small factories however, West Indians have been more likely to report incidents of harassment and intimidation than their Asian counterparts.
She joined Rappler in after obtaining her journalism degree from the University of the Philippines. Powerful, dangerous, what are Chinese triads?
Jodesz Gavilan. The business of illegal drugs. On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking.
The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe.
According to the expert in terrorist organizations and mafia-type organized crime Antonio De Bonis, there is a close relationship between the Triads and the Camorra , and the port of Naples is the most important landing point of the trades managed by the Chinese in cooperation with the Camorra.
Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.
In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations. The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong.
Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.
Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade.
Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.
The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.
Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s. During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece.
The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.
According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.
Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.
The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods.
Even today Guan Gong is almost a patron saint of the triads. Paradoxically, it is also for local police.
Unlike some international criminal organizations that are structured in a military manner and that completely control the political destiny of some nations, the triads operate on a much smaller scale, although they can count on very strong economic resources and are also able to exert pressure at the local government level.
On the contrary, the triads of the former English colony include several completely independent, although the rites, their organizations, and the background they refer to are similar.
There is no single design that regulates all activities. Even in the same organizations, there are different intentions and strategies.
A territory usually consists of a single street, a building, a market, a park. However, it often happens that overlap occurs in the same gangs generating infighting.
The triads use a numerical code to identify the degree and position within a gang. The members with this number are the real soldiers of the gangs.
The indicates the mountain teacher, the the vice-master of the mountain, the the fan of white paper, and the straw sandal. A code that came into common use is 25 indicating a spy.
Ceremonials to enter the triads over the years have been simplified: to access the first rank now it is sufficient to take an oral oath and participate in a simple ceremony such as that of hanging the Blue Lantern.
The authority of the leaders has come over the years less, and usually, a member tends to put his personal interests before those of the gang.
Generally, an affiliate carefully weighs the benefits he can receive from a Dai Lo Big Brother. If you do not feel satisfied with this relationship, you can approach another Dai Lo and request his protection.
Matteo Damiani is an Italian sinologist, photographer, author and motion designer. The Kuomintang used Chinese criminal gangs to attack their political enemies at various times during the Republican era in China.
It used the Green Gang in Shanghai to suppress unionists and help massacre thousands of communists in that city in In Taiwan, where the Kuomintang fled in after losing a civil war to the Communist Party, gangs still sometimes wield political influence.
The Bamboo Union triad helped suppress the pro-democracy movement in Taiwan in the s, and in members of the gang assassinated Henry Liu , a journalist critical of the Kuomintang, in Daly City, Calif.
Chang An-lo, a former leader of the Bamboo Union triad who spent 10 years in prison in the United States for drug trafficking, leads a pro-China party in Taiwan whose members have attacked people critical of the Beijing government.
A century ago, Hong Kong had hundreds of triads, their numbers lifted by waves of immigration from mainland China. Chinese secret societies have in common the swearing of an oath to join, strict rules, a family relationship among members, the duty of mutual help, a hierarchy of functions, and hereditary membership within families.
Triad Article Additional Info. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter.The Local IT. The power Seungri Age triads has also diminished due to the establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption. The Luen Triad made up of several subgroups. Follow Thought Catalog.